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The Grand Sumo Highlights brings you the best clips from the most exciting matches in the ring between the greatest Sumo wrestlers of modern times competing. The March GRAND SUMO Tournament ends with a showdown for the Emperor's Cup between Yokozuna Hakuho and Yokozuna Kakuryu on the final day. Grand Sumo: The Living Sport And Tradition | Sharnoff, Lora | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch. Grand Sumo | Sharnoff, Lora | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Grand Sumo Tournament sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen.
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Grand Sumo VideoGRAND SUMO HIGHLIGHTS 2020 -- JULY DAY 13
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It was revealed Abi had gone out twice to hostess bars with a lower-ranked wrestler from a different stable, once before and once during the tournament.
Terunofuji defeated sekiwake Mitakeumi at Tokyo's Ryogoku Kokugikan on Sunday to cap a performance at the first sumo tournament held in four months.
The Mongolian former ozeki, fighting in his first makuuchi tournament since January , fended off Mitakeumi to finish at Ryogoku Kokugikan.
In the centuries that followed, the popularity of sumo within the court increased its ceremonial and religious significance. Regular events at the Emperor's court, the sumai no sechie , and the establishment of the first set of rules for sumo fall into the cultural heyday of the Heian period.
With the collapse of the Emperor's central authority, sumo lost its importance in the court; during the Kamakura period , sumo was repurposed from a ceremonial struggle to a form of military combat training among samurai.
Oda Nobunaga , a particularly avid fan of the sport, held a tournament of 1, wrestlers in February Because several bouts were to be held simultaneously within Nobunaga's castle, circular arenas were delimited to hasten the proceedings and to maintain the safety of the spectators.
Because sumo had become a nuisance due to wild fighting on the streets, particularly in Edo, sumo was temporarily banned in the city during the Edo period.
In , sumo was permitted to be held for charity events on the property of Shinto shrines, as was common in Kyoto and Osaka.
The first sanctioned tournament took place in the Tomioka Hachiman Shrine at this time. An official sumo organization was developed, consisting of professional wrestlers at the disposal of the Edo administration.
Due to a new fixation on Western culture , sumo had come to be seen as an embarrassing and backward relic, and internal disputes split the central association.
The popularity of sumo was restored when Emperor Meiji organized a tournament in ; his example would make sumo a national symbol and contribute to nationalist sentiment following military successes against Korea and China.
The Japan Sumo Association reunited on 28 December and increased the number of annual tournaments from two to four, and then to six in The length of tournaments was extended from ten to fifteen days in The winner of a sumo bout is generally either the first wrestler to force his opponent to step out of the ring, or the first wrestler to force his opponent to touch the ground with any part of his body other than the bottom of his feet.
For example, a wrestler using an illegal technique kinjite automatically loses, as does one whose mawashi belt comes completely undone. A wrestler failing to show up for his bout even if due to prior injury also automatically loses fusenpai.
The initial crouch and charge are crucial. Upon positioning themselves opposite each other, the wrestlers perform a deep squat; without taking their feet off the ground, they then move forwards into a head-first crouched position, whilst also resting on one or two fists.
This position is important because it allows them to adopt a more efficient posture to charge from and also isometrically preloads their muscles: this enables them to spring up and charge their opponents more powerfully when the referee signals the bout to begin.
A successful charge is usually a powerful charge and is often a key determining factor in who wins the bout. Bouts consist solely of a single round and often last only a few seconds, as usually one wrestler is quickly ousted from the circle or thrown to the ground.
However, they can occasionally last for several minutes. Each match is preceded by an elaborate ceremonial ritual.
Traditionally, sumo wrestlers are renowned for their great girth and body mass, which is often a winning factor in sumo. No weight divisions are used in professional sumo; a wrestler can sometimes face an opponent twice his own weight.
However, with superior technique, smaller wrestlers can control and defeat much larger opponents. The judges outside the ring, who sit at eye level the shimpan may convene a conference in the middle of the ring, called a mono-ii.
This is done if the judges decide that the decision over who won the bout needs to be reviewed; for example, if both sumotori appear to touch the ground or step out of the ring at the same time.
In these cases, sometimes video is reviewed to see what happened. Once a decision is made, the chief judge will announce the decision to the spectators and the wrestlers alike.
The Japan Sumo Association recognizes 82 different kimarite and 5 different hiwaza or non-technique in a win.
On rare occasions the referee or judges may award the win to the wrestler who touched the ground first. This happens if both wrestlers touch the ground at nearly the same time and it is decided that the wrestler who touched the ground second had no chance of winning, his opponent's superior sumo having put him in an irrecoverable position.
The losing wrestler is referred to as being shini-tai "dead body" in this case. At the center are two white lines, the shikiri-sen , behind which the wrestlers position themselves at the start of the bout.
Women are traditionally forbidden from entering or touching the ring. Professional sumo is organized by the Japan Sumo Association. Most practicing wrestlers are members of a training stable or heya run by one of the oyakata , who is the stablemaster for the wrestlers under him.
In , 43 training stables hosted wrestlers. Often, wrestlers have little choice in their names, which are given to them by their trainers or stablemasters , or by a supporter or family member who encouraged them into the sport.
This is particularly true of foreign-born wrestlers. A wrestler may change his wrestling name during his career, with some wrestlers changing theirs several times.
Sumo wrestling is a strict hierarchy based on sporting merit. The wrestlers are ranked according to a system that dates back to the Edo period.
Wrestlers are promoted or demoted according to their performance in six official tournaments held throughout the year. A carefully prepared banzuke listing the full hierarchy is published two weeks prior to each sumo tournament.
In addition to the professional tournaments, exhibition competitions are held at regular intervals every year in Japan, and roughly once every two years, the top-ranked wrestlers visit a foreign country for such exhibitions.
None of these displays is taken into account in determining a wrestler's future rank. Rank is determined only by performance in grand sumo tournaments or honbasho.
Wrestlers enter sumo in the lowest jonokuchi division and, ability permitting, work their way up to the top division.
The ranks receive different levels of compensation, privileges, and status. The topmost makuuchi division receives the most attention from fans and has the most complex hierarchy.
In each rank are two wrestlers, the higher rank is designated as "east" and the lower as "west", so the list goes 1 east, 1 west, 2 east, 2 west, etc.
Yokozuna , or grand champions, are generally expected to compete for and to win the top division tournament title on a regular basis, hence the promotion criteria for yokozuna are very strict.
In antiquity, sumo was solely a Japanese sport. Since the s, however, the number of foreign-born sumo wrestlers has gradually increased.
In the beginning of this period, these few foreign wrestlers were listed as Japanese, but particularly since the s, a number of high-profile foreign-born wrestlers became well-known, and in more recent years have even come to dominate in the highest ranks.
This and other issues eventually led the Sumo Association to limit the number of foreigners allowed to one in each stable.
Women are not allowed to compete in professional sumo. Each tournament begins on a Sunday and runs for 15 days, ending also on a Sunday. Each day is structured so that the highest-ranked contestants compete at the end of the day.
Thus, wrestling starts in the morning with the jonokuchi wrestlers and ends at around six o'clock in the evening with bouts involving the yokozuna.
If two wrestlers are tied for the top, they wrestle each other and the winner takes the title. Three-way ties for a championship are rare, at least in the top division.
In these cases, the three wrestle each other in pairs with the first to win two in a row take the tournament.
More complex systems for championship playoffs involving four or more wrestlers also exist, but these are usually only seen in determining the winner of one of the lower divisions.
The matchups for each day of the tournament are announced a day in advance. They are determined by the sumo elders who are members of the judging division of the Sumo Association.
As many more wrestlers are in each division than matchups during the tournament, each wrestler only competes against a selection of opponents from the same division, though small overlaps can occur between two divisions.
With the exception of the san'yaku -ranked wrestlers, the first bouts tend to be between wrestlers who are within a few ranks of each other.
Afterwards, the selection of opponents takes into account a wrestler's prior performance. For example, in the lower divisions, wrestlers with the same record in a tournament are generally matched up with each other and the last matchups often involve undefeated wrestlers competing against each other, even if they are from opposite ends of the division.
In the top division, in the last few days, wrestlers with exceptional records often have matches against much more highly ranked opponents, including san'yaku wrestlers, especially if they are still in the running for the top division championship.
Similarly, more highly ranked wrestlers with very poor records may find themselves fighting wrestlers much further down the division.
Traditionally, on the final day, the last three bouts of the tournament are between the top six ranked wrestlers, with the top two competing in the final matchup, unless injuries during the tournament prevent this.
Certain match-ups are prohibited in regular tournament play. Wrestlers who are from the same training stable cannot compete against each other, nor can wrestlers who are brothers, even if they join different stables.
The one exception to this rule is that training stable partners and brothers can face each other in a championship-deciding playoff match. This colorful name for the culmination of the tournament echoes the words of the playwright Zeami to represent the excitement of the decisive bouts and the celebration of the victor.
The Emperor's Cup is presented to the wrestler who wins the top-division makuuchi championship. Numerous other mostly sponsored prizes are also awarded to him.
These prizes are often rather elaborate, ornate gifts, such as giant cups, decorative plates, and statuettes.
Others are quite commercial, such as one trophy shaped like a giant Coca-Cola bottle. Promotion and relegation for the next tournament are determined by a wrestler's score over the 15 days.
In the top division, the term kachikoshi means a score of 8—7 or better, as opposed to makekoshi , which indicates a score of 7—8 or worse.
A wrestler who achieves kachikoshi almost always is promoted further up the ladder, the level of promotion being higher for better scores.
See the makuuchi article for more details on promotion and relegation. For the list of upper divisions champions since , refer to the list of top division champions and the list of second division champions.
At the initial charge, both wrestlers must jump up from the crouch simultaneously after touching the surface of the ring with two fists at the start of the bout.
Upon completion of the bout, the referee must immediately designate his decision by pointing his gunbai or war-fan towards the winning side.
The winning technique kimarite used by the winner would then be announced to the audience. The referee's decision is not final and may be disputed by the five judges seated around the ring.
It was moved from its traditional location in Nagoya to cut down on travel during the pandemic. Ryogoku Kokugikan had been kept to a quarter of its capacity to prevent the spread of the pneumonia-causing virus.
Your Email:. Your Friend's Email:. Close Send message. Mongolian native Terunofuji, 28, completed a stunning comeback to the top division Sunday by clinching the July Grand Sumo Tournament with a final-day victory.
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